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Safe Fasting Guide During Pregnancy, So that Mothers and Babies Stay Healthy

Is it safe for pregnant women to fast during Ramadan? There is no definitive answer that can apply to all pregnant women. Because, the conditions of each pregnant woman are different. Various studies show different results regarding the effect of fasting on the baby in the womb. Actually pregnant women are not required to fast during Ramadan. Pregnant women can then replace fasting at other times or in the form of alms. Nevertheless, some pregnant women still choose fasting. So actually safe fasting during pregnancy? If you are still confused, let's refer to the guide here.

Effects of Fasting on Infants in the Womb

Fasting generally will not bring negative effects on the baby in the womb, as long as pregnant women are in a healthy condition and still meet the daily nutritional needs properly. Changes in the chemical balance in the blood during fasting generally also do not harm the baby in the womb. One study showed that babies of mothers who fasted during pregnancy did not show differences in the APGAR score of babies after birth. This score is the result of tests carried out on newborns, namely examination of skin color, muscle activity, reflex ability, heart rate, and baby's breathing. However, other studies have suggested the possibility of lower birth weight, especially if fasting is carried out in the early trimester of pregnancy. It's just that the differences that occur are very small, and not quite significant. Pregnant women who have a normal weight and healthy lifestyle, generally fasting will only slightly affect health conditions, because pregnant women have a reserve of nutrients needed by the baby in the womb. However, before fasting you should consider pregnant women in general health conditions, gestational age and how many hours of fasting should be done. Pregnant women with health problems, such as anemia or gestational diabetes, you should consult with your doctor before deciding to fast.

Fasting Tips When Pregnant

Pregnant body needs energy during fasting, so does the baby in the womb. This is the reason fasting during pregnancy needs to be supported by a healthy weight and lifestyle, even before pregnancy. So, for pregnant women to fast comfortably during Ramadan, there are guidelines that can be followed.
  • Limit drinks containing caffeine

  • It's good for pregnant women to stop consuming caffeinated drinks, like coffee and tea, before fasting starts. This is useful to prevent headaches that may be felt as a result of abruptly stopping caffeinated drinks. Beware of other foods or drinks that contain caffeine, such as chocolate. Caffeine consumption during pregnancy is recommended no more than 200 mg or less than 2 cups of instant coffee a day. In addition, caffeine also makes pregnant women more at risk of dehydration.
  • Make a food agenda

  • To check the adequacy of nutrition, pregnant women can try to make a food agenda by noting the menu and what foods are consumed every day. These notes can also help doctors, especially if pregnant women experience gestational diabetes.
  • Drinking water is sufficient

  • If the fasting month falls during the dry season, pregnant women need to consume enough mineral water at dawn and break their fast to prevent dehydration.
  • Meet a healthy intake of nutrients

  • Eating enough vegetables and fruit can meet the needs of important nutrients during pregnancy, such as iron. Choose a meal and break fasting that releases energy slowly, such as complex carbohydrates such as whole grains, and fiber-rich foods such as vegetables. This combination can be a healthy food choice for pregnant women during fasting. Pregnant women should avoid or reduce eating foods with high sugar levels, yes. High-sugar foods that increase blood sugar levels quickly and can also go down quickly, so that pregnant women actually become more tired. Don't forget the nutrition for babies in the womb such as nuts, eggs, and meat.
  • Avoid eating in a hurry

  • When breaking, eat and drink slowly, yes, Bumil. Like starting with a small glass of fresh juice or ice with, then just continue eating snacks, or start eating slowly little by little. This is because the digestive system works more slowly during fasting.
  • Rest more often

  • If Bumil works in an office during pregnancy and fasting, Bumil may need to consider taking breaks more often. Try to manage your time well, and communicate well to your boss.
  • Limit activities

  • Pregnant women who tend to have the stress hormone cortisol are higher than those who are not fasting. Instead, avoid situations that can cause pregnant women to stress. In addition, it is better for pregnant women to avoid carrying heavy objects or walking long distances.
Receive assistance that ease work or activities. It's best to stay indoors if the weather is hot or avoid heavy exercise when fasting wherever possible.

Conditions to Look Out for when Pregnant Women Fast

Although Bumil is eager to fast, there are certain conditions that cause Bumil needs to break the fast immediately or consult her doctor immediately, including:
  • Experience nausea and vomiting.
  • Dehydrated, with signs of feeling very thirsty, weak, urinating less frequently, urine becomes dark in color and has a sharp aroma.
  • Having a fever, headache, irregular heartbeat, or stomach cramps
  • Feeling sick like a contraction that can be a sign of premature labor.
If the things above occur, pregnant women can break their fast first by drinking water that contains sugar and salt or rehydration liquid. Then, immediately consult a doctor. So pregnant women fast or not, you should pay attention to health conditions first yes. Pregnant women with a healthy weight and lifestyle, it is hoped that by following the guidelines, they will stay healthy during the fasting service. However, for pregnant women who have certain health conditions, need to be more careful if you want to fast while pregnant. Pregnant women are advised to consult with a doctor to decide.